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Diabetes and Its Complications


Diabetes is a health condition where a person’s blood contains more glucose than normal condition due to less or no production of insulin. 

There are two Chief types of diabetes:

  • Type 1 diabetes — where the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin
  • type 2 diabetes — in which the body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or the body cells do not react to insulin

In the UK, around 90 percent of all adults who have diabetes type 2.

During pregnancy, some women have such high levels of blood glucose that their body is not able to produce enough insulin to absorb it all. This is called gestational diabetes.

Pre-Stage of Diabetes:

More people have blood sugar levels over the standard range, but not large enough to be identified with diabetes.

This may be called pre-diabetes. If your blood glucose level is above the normal range, your risk of developing diabetes is raised.

It is very critical for diabetes to be diagnosed as soon as possible because it is going to get worse if left untreated.

Cause of Diabetes:

The quantity of sugar in the blood is controlled by a hormone called insulin, which is made by the pancreas (a gland behind the stomach). When food is digested and enters your bloodstream, insulin moves glucose from the blood and into cells, where it’s broken down to generate energy. If you have diabetes, your body is not able to break down sugar. That is because there’s either not enough insulin to move the glucose, or the insulin produced does not work properly. Even though there are no lifestyle changes you can make to lower your risk of type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes is directly associated with being overweight.

Symptoms of Diabetes:

If you’re diagnosed with diabetes, then you’ll need to eat healthily, take regular exercise and carry out blood tests to safeguard your blood sugar levels remain balanced.

  • You can use the BMI healthful weight calculator to assess if you are a healthy weight loss.
  • Individuals diagnosed with type 1 diabetes also need regular insulin shots.
  • Medication may eventually be required, normally in the kind of pills, as type 2 diabetes is a progressive illness.


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